Intermediate Derivatives Markets, Hedging and Risk Management - DPH2 

CPE Credits Awarded: 16
Categories: Trading, Derivatives, Hedging and Risk Management, Global Association of Risk Professionals (GARP) Approved Course

Course Date Duration Venue Price Registration Deadline Register
27 Mar 2019 2 Days Singapore, Singapore Country: sg
$ (USD) 3,100.00+7%GST
8 Feb 2019
06 Jun 2019 2 Days Houston, TX Country: us
$ (USD) 2,471.00
3 May 2019
19 Jun 2019 2 Days London, UK Country: gb
£ (GBP)2,350.00+20%VAT
17 May 2019
11 Sep 2019 2 Days San Francisco, CA Country: us
$ (USD) 2,471.00
9 Aug 2019
07 Oct 2019 2 Days Singapore, Singapore Country: sg
$ (USD) 3,100.00+7%GST
23 Aug 2019
23 Oct 2019 2 Days Calgary TELUS Convention Centre Country: ca
$ (USD) 2,471.00+5%GST
20 Sep 2019


The Intermediate Derivatives Markets, Hedging, and Risk Management is a two-day class presented by the energy training experts at Mennta Energy Solutions. The course covers advanced instruments for basis risk management such as basis swaps and options and the use of correlation and regression to identify and measure basis risks. Case studies show to hedge in illiquid markets using proxy hedges.

The use of option strategies, exotic options and structured products is shown in an applied context, with emphasis on pros and cons vs. other hedging instruments. A new module covers how to perform Profit and Loss Attribution for Linear and Non-Linear Derivatives, includes several case studies. The main option “Greeks’ (Delta, Gamma, Vega and Theta) are presented using practical exercises.

This energy training course also provides an overview of energy price behavior, and applied probability and statistics using Excel exercises with hands-on calculations. After introducing the building blocks of risk analysis, we estimate volatilities, correlations and calculate Value at Risk and other risk metrics.

The course concludes by providing in-depth applications of market risk management of energy portfolios, with particular emphasis on VaR, Stress Tests and Backtesting. Delegates conduct hands-on calculations for variance-covariance, Monte Carlo and Historical Simulation VaR for energy portfolios.

Please note: a laptop and up-to-date version of Office would be an advantage in order to engage in market data; however it is not essential.


DPH1 or equivalent knowledge.

Not sure if you have the appropriate experience? Click here to test yourself on the knowledge necessary for this course.


  • Market risk managers
  • Energy traders
  • Trading managers
  • End-users of derivatives in corporations
  • Credit risk analysts
  • Risk consultants
  • Risk and audit committee members
  • CFOs and treasury managers
  • Finance department personnel
  • Compliance managers
  • Middle and back-office personnel
  • Treasurers and treasury analysts
  • Chief risk officers


201: Review of Energy Price Behavior, Probability and Statistics

  • Overview of energy price behavior; seasonality; mean reversion; spikes
  • Volatility structure in energy markets; spot vs. forwards
  • Probability distributions; moments of a distribution, histograms and QQ plots.
  • Excel exercises with hands-on calculations of volatilities, correlations
  • Case study: VaR calculation for a single exposure.
  • Calculating and interpreting rolling window volatilities and correlations in Excel

202: Basis Risk Management and Derivatives in Energy Markets

  • Types of basis risk
  • Managing basis risk with basis swaps
  • Case study: Managing NYMEX/ICE basis risk with OTC basis swaps
  • Hedging with futures and basis swaps
  • Understanding and using correlation in valuation and risk measurement.
  • Pitfalls of correlation as a measure of dependence
  • Short-term correlation vs. long term co-movement (cointegration)
  • IAS 39/IFRS 9 and Hedge Effectiveness. Ex-ante vs. Ex-post Tests.
  • Minimum Variance Ratio using Volatility and Correlation Analysis

203. Analysis of Derivative Strategies

  • Review of key option concepts.
  • Zero-cost collars. Uses and misuses.
  • Case Study: Using Zero Cost Collars in a Hedging Programme
  • Call and Put spreads. Main uses.
  • Three-way Collars: Aggressive vs. Conservative strategies
  • Volatility Plays: Straddles and Strangles
  • Comparing the risk and benefits of various hedging strategies
  • Identifying price and volatility views with price and volatility risk matrices

204: Energy derivatives: Exchange and OTC traded derivatives and embedded options

  • How to unbundle embedded risk structures in energy contracts
  • A step-by-step process to identify optionality in energy contracts and derivatives
  • Review of main derivatives structures: Futures and forwards; fixed for floating and basis swaps; European and American options; Basis swaps and options; Structured Products
  • Exercise: Analysis of structured swaps
  • Case study: Overview of Swing and Take-or-Pay Contracts
  • Uses and Misuses of Exotic Options in Hedging Programmes
  • End of Day Summary

Day 2

205: Understanding option sensitivities through the "Greeks"

  • Review of Black-76 and valuation of options
  • Delta and Gamma, Vega and Theta: Definition, calculation and main uses.
  • Case study: calculating and visualizing "Greeks" in Excel
  • Delta hedging of option portfolios; key considerations.
  • Delta-gamma hedging and Delta-gamma-vega hedging
  • Analyzing the dynamics of delta, gamma and vega for a straddle position
  • Skew adjusted delta and gamma

206: Profit and Loss Attribution for Linear and Non-Linear Derivatives

  • Forward curve building and validation in illiquid markets
  • P&L decomposition and attribution for linear and non-linear books
  • Case study: P/L decomposition for physical books
  • Taylor series expansions and the use of Greeks to conduct P/L decomposition
  • Case Study: Identifying price and volatility views using P/L decomposition

207: Introduction to Market Risk Management for Energy Trading

  • Best practices of market risk management in energy markets
  • Understanding VaR and Expected tail loss (ETL)
  • Overview of methodologies: analytic, Monte Carlo and historical simulation
  • Case Study: Simulating prices with GBM and a mean-reverting process in Excel.
  • Case study: How to perform hundreds of simulations for risk analysis in any existing spreadsheet in Excel
  • Case study: interpretation of market risk disclosures for large energy firm
  • Oil, power and gas specific issues

208: Stress Testing and Backtesting  for Energy and Commodity Firms

  • Designing and conducting stress tests for energy portfolios
  • Benefits of stress tests
  • Standard & Poors liquidity risk survey and Stress Testing
  • Integrating stress tests in the risk modeling process
  • Stress tests for crude and products; gas; electricity
  • Exercise: Creating and presenting stress test reports
  • Backtesting analysis


DR CARLOS BLANCO is an expert in energy, commodity, and financial risk management and modeling. He has been a faculty member of Mennta Energy Solutions since 2004, where he teaches the Derivatives Pricing Hedging and Risk Management Certificate Programme as well as courses on Counterparty Risk Management and Gas and Power Trading and Risk Management.

He has published over 100 articles on financial, energy, and commodity trading, hedging and risk management. He is the founder and managing director of a risk management advisory firm with clients in North America, Europe, Africa and Asia. Carlos is a former VP, Risk Solutions at Financial Engineering Associates. There, he worked over six years as an essential contributor in the development of the energy derivatives valuation and risk management models of the firm. He also provided leading-edge risk advisory and educational services to over 500 energy and commodity trading firms and financial institutions worldwide. He also managed the world-class support and professional services department within the firm. Prior to FEA, Carlos worked for a hedge fund in the Midwest and an asset management firm in Madrid, Spain. He is a former regional director of the Professional Risk Managers’ International Association (PRMIA).


“DPH2 picked up where DPH1 left off with the application models, trading strategies and real world (simplified) Excel examples. Excellent class!” U.D., Shell

“The instructor was extremely knowledgeable and the materials/tools will be useful for years to come in my organization!” S.H., Imperial Irrigation

GARP rgbMennta Energy Solutions is registered with GARP as an Approved Provider of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) credits. Mennta Energy Solutions has determined that this program qualifies for 16 GARP CPD credit hours. If you are a Certified FRM or ERP, please record this activity in your Credit Tracker at

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Mennta Energy Solutions (formerly The Oxford Princeton Programme, Inc.) is not affiliated with Princeton University, Oxford University, or Oxford University Press.